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Skin care across seasons

Skin is the largest organ of our body and skin care is the most basic knowledge one needs to have.

1) Cleansing :

Regular cleansing of the skin using water and soap is important. The water should be at room temperature or luke warm and never hot. A good soap/cleanser should be gentle with an acidic pH, mild/no fragrance. Avoid antiseptic soaps . The skin should then be patted dry using a clean, cotton towel.

2) Moisturising :

Moisturisers are formulations (creams, lotions) that are applied onto the skin to make it soft and supple. The ideal time to apply is right after cleansing the skin when it is still damp. It is best to pick a product that is mildly fragrant . During summers use a lighter and in winters a heavier formulation. It is also important that one uses moisturisers judiciously as they work only for a maximum of 4 hours. Use of sunscreen is sometimes recommended.

3) Food and water :

A wholesome diet rich in fruits , vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds is beneficial. Avoid processed and packaged foods in all forms. Eat local and eat seasonal should be followed. Drinking adequate water is equally important.

4) Sleep :

Our skin like the rest of the body repairs and rejuvenates during sleep. Therefore 6-8 hours of uninterrupted, good quality sleep is crucial.

5) Exercise :

Physical exercise in the form of brisk walking, yoga, aerobic exercises improves the blood circulation of the skin and thereby help in delivering the nutrients to the skin and removal of free radicals.

6) Stress :

Stress results in release of various substances like hormones and chemical mediators in our body that makes the skin susceptible to various changes and prevent healing. This can be tackled by practicing meditation, mindfulness and positive affirmations.

7) Clothing :

Use of comfortable , cotton clothes helps the skin breathe ,especially during summers.

By following the above few steps one can assure to have a healthy skin that is less prone for diseases

Author: Dr Ashwini Shetty

Consultant Dermatologist


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